A Study on the Concept of Mental Health and its Implication for Social Work Education in the Context of Chinese Communities

Min TONG

Abstract


The recently rapid growth of practice in cross-culture and multi-culture field leads practitioners to facing challenge of having to make choice amid different cultural values. Chinese culture has its own framework in understanding the concept of mental health, which is quite different from the Western’s. On personal level, Chinese culture centers on the individual’s inner cultivation. On self level, it concerns much about the individual’s moral practice. On societal level, it focuses on the social harmony. And on spiritual level, it emphasizes on transcending the life limitations to reach oneness. Therefore, it is necessary for social work educators to help studnts to understand the basic cultural meanings underlying the concept of mental healh when applying it to the context of Chinese communities. Keywords: mental health; Chinese culture; progressive adaptation; limitation inclusionRésumé: La croissance rapide de la pratique dans un contexte inter-culturel et multi-culturel conduit les praticiens à faire face au défi de faire un choix parmi de différentes valeurs culturelles. La culture chinoise a sa propre compréhension de la notion de santé mentale, ce qui est assez différente de celle de l'Occident . Au niveau personnel, la culture chinoise se concentre sur la cultivation interne de l'individu. Au niveau individuel, il s'agit bien de la pratique morale de l'individu. Au niveau communautairel, elle souligne l'harmonie sociale. Et au spirituel, elle met l'accent sur la transcendance des limites de vie pour atteindre l'unité. Par conséquent, il est nécessaire que les éducateurs sociaux aident les étudiants à comprendre les significations culturelles de base propres au concept de santé mentale lors de l'appliquer dans le contexte des communautés chinoises.Mots-clés: santé mentale; culture chinoise; adaptation progressive; inclusion de prescription

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968%2Fj.css.1923669720100606.017

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