An Analysis of the Need for a Legislative Initiative for Long-term Care in China

Han ZHUANG

Abstract


Presently, in China, the population is aging at an accelerating rate and the number of disabled people is increasing. In order to ensure that the disabled, old people and others live in dignity, a legislative initiative for long-term care is badly needed to regulate money-raising, long-term care institutions and nursing staff. The costs of long-term care should be included within the scope of social insurance in order to maintain social safety and share risk. As for care institutions and nursing staff, because they involve management functions such as construction, health, labor and human resources, education and etc. and most of them are technical, related competent authorities should be authorized to set administrative regulations to form the standards for institution-founding and personnel training and evaluation.
Key words: long-term care; the elderly; legislative need

Résumé: Actuellement en Chine, la population vieillit à un rythme accéléré et le nombre de personnes handicapées est en augmentation. Afin d’assurer que les handicapés, les personnes âgées et les autres peuvent vivre dans la dignité, une initiative législative pour les soins de longue durée est absolument nécessaire pour réglementer la collecte de fonds, les institutions de soins de longue durée et le personnel d’aide ménagère. Les coûts des soins de longue durée devraient être inclus dans l'assurance sociale, afin de maintenir la sécurité sociale et de partager le risque. Quant aux institutions de soins et le personnel d’aide ménagère, comme ils impliquent des fonctions de gestion tels que la construction, la santé, le travail et les ressources humaines, l’éducation etc et la plupart d'entre eux sont techniques, des autorités compétentes appropriées devraient être autorisées à établir des règlements administratifs pour former les normes sur l’établissement des institutions, la formation du personnel et l'évaluation.
Mots-Clés: soins de longue durée; personnes âgées; nécessité législative

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968%2Fj.css.1923669720100601.001

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