Changing Nature of Anthropological Research Design in Understanding Health and Diseases: an Overview

Dr. Ahmed Fazle Hasan Choudhury, Shanzida Farhana

Abstract



The increasing involvement of anthropologist in health issues has intensified debate concerning the substantive contributions to be made by this discipline and the types of strategies to be encouraged by its professionals in the promotion of culturally appropriate public health programmes. There are many ways of approaching the problems of health and disease in a population. Anthropological investigations tend to focus conceptually on the complex changes in patterns of health and disease and on the interactions between these patterns and their biologic, sociologic and demographic determinants and consequences. This paper is an attempt to explore mainly on the analytic anthropological research paradigm in the understanding of health problems in cross-cultural settings.
Key words: Research method, Public health, Analytical epidemiology, Biomedical model. Etiological Continuum
Résumé: L’implication accrue du nombre d’anthropologistes dans les affaires de santé avait intensifié le débat concernant la contribution substantielle que cette discipline pourrait faire et les types de stratégie que les professionnels pourraient encourager dans la promotion des programmes de la santé publique culturellement appropriés. Il existe plusieurs moyens d’aborder les problèmes de santé et de maladies d’une population. Les investigations anthropologiques tentent de focaliser sur les changements compliqués dans les modèles de santé et de maladie, ainsi que sur les interactions entre ces modèles et leurs déterminants et conséquences biologiques, sociologiques et démographiques. Cet article est une tentative de trouver un paradigme de recherche analytique et anthropologique dans la compréhension des problèmes de santé dans les cadres interculturels.
Mots-Clés: méthode de recherche, santé publique, épidémiologie analytique, modèle biomédical, continuum étiologique

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/j.css.1923669720080404.001

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