The Interaction of Metaphor and Metonymy in the Chinese Expressions of Body-part terms Yan and Mu

Li-fang ZHAI

Abstract



This is a study of metaphoric and metonymic expressions containing body-part terms yan and mu in Chinese to investigate the interaction of the metaphor and metonymy. While recognizing their differences from cognitive perspective, with metaphor involving things from two different domains and metonymy involving things within the same domain, I suggest that they also have similarities in certain respects. Based on the analysis of the self-made and small-scale corpus of Chinese texts of the metaphor and metonymy related to yan and mu, the author finds that metaphor and metonymy do not occur in isolation in Chinese.
Key words: metaphor, metonymy, differences, similarities, interaction
Résumé: C’est une étude sur les expressions métaphoriques et métonymiques de la langue chinoise dans lesquelles les termes de yan et de mu sont utilisés en vue d’examiner l’interaction entre la métaphore et la métonymie. Bien que les différences entre ces deux figures de rhétorique soient reconnues sous l’angle cognitif, c’est-à-dire que la métaphore implique des choses de deux domaines différents, alors que la métonymie implique des choses du même domaine, il nous suggère qu’il existe aussi des similitudes entre ces deux figures. Basé sur l’analyse d’un corpus concernant l’emploi de ces deux figures, qui est originaire des documents chinois authentiques et est fait par l’auteur elle-même, l’auteur s’aperçoit qu’ étant mises en utilisation, la métaphore et la métonymie ne sont pas sans rapport entre eux dans la langue chinoise.
Mots-Clés: métaphore, métonymie, différence, similitude, interaction

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/j.css.1923669720080401.013

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