A Call for Freedom: Aime Cesaire’s A Tempest



A postcolonial adaptation of Shakespeare’s The Tempest, African poet Aime Cesaire’s play A Tempest overtly conveys his anti-colonism, exploring the relationship between Prospero the colonizer and his colonial subjects Caliban and Ariel from the perspective of the colonized. Comparing the characterization and the colonizer/colonized relationship in the two plays, this paper illustrates that Aime Cesire’s A Tempest is a delivery of his idea of Negritude, a call for freedom and a reflection of the ways to gain the freedom.
Key words: colonizer, colonized, Negritude, freedom
Résumé: Le théâtre du poète africain Aimé Césaire intitulé Une tempête, adaptée d’après La Tempête de Shakespeare, décrit la relation entre le colonisateur Prospero et les colonisés Caliban et Ariel dans la perspective du colonisé. Il constitue la proclamation de la pensée d’anti-colonialisme de l’auteur. A travers la comparaison de la description des personnages et de la relation colonisateur-colonisé dans les deux théâtres, l’article présent conclut qu’Une tempête de Césaire exprime la négritude, l’appel à la liberté et la réflexion sur la voie de liberté.
Mots-Clés: colonisateur, colonisé, négritude, liberté

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/j.css.1923669720070305.021


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