Winnie: a Lonely Fighter against Nothingness

Guang-hong RUAN

Abstract



In his play Happy Days, Samuel Beckett portrays against a wilderness of modern world an optimistic woman—Winnie, who has strong nerves and fights against overwhelming nothingness in various forms on her own. Arguing that she is a lonely fighter against nothingness, this essay is dedicated to Winnie and focuses itself on answering following questions: Since the world in Happy Days is surrounded and incessantly eroded by nothingness, what forms are they in and how do they work.; as an extremely deprived person, why could Winnie be called nothingness-fighter and in what ways does she succeed in struggling along.
Key words: Winnie, nothingness, fighter, fighting means, identity
Résumé: Dans le théatre Oh les beaux jours, Samuel Beckett a campé une femme dynamique et optimiste luttant contre le monde moderne désert— Winnie. Douée d’un courage exceptionnel, elle lutte seul contre le néant irrésistible sous de diverses formes. L’essai présent analyse le personnage de Winnie et répond aux questions suivantes. Puisque le monde dans la pièce est entouré et dévoré par le néant, le néant apparît sous quelle forme ? quel est son rôle ? Puisque privée de tout, pouquoi elle peut encore etre considérée comme « lutteuse contre le néant » ? comment survit-elle difficilement dans l’interstice d’avec le néant ?
Mots-Clés: Winnie, néant, lutteuse, moyen de lutte, statut

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/j.css.1923669720070304.009

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