Environmentally Responsible Product Assessments for the Automobiles Made in China

Li-li YANG, Shao-jie ZHANG, Ge GAO

Abstract



This article discusses a general assessment of how the environmental performance of the automobile has changed over the years. We performed an SLCA and used the AT&T matrix and Delphi-technique to compare a 1990s era automobile(made in china) to one from the 2000s of China. From the comparison, we calculated 5 life stages of automobile production include premanufacturing, product manufacture, product delivery, product use and recycling. The comparison shows moderate environmental stewardship during resource extraction, packaging. The ratings during manufacturing and refurbishment/ recycling/ disposal are both poor, and during customer use are abysmal though it have some improvement. The overall rating of 1990s is far below what might be desired. In contrast, the overall rating for the 2000s vehicle is much better than that of the earlier vehicle but still leaving plenty of room for improvement.
Key words: AT&T matrix, environment, LCA, SLCA, automobile
Résumé: Cet article entreprend une évaluation générale du fait que comment la performance environnementale de l’automobile a changé ces dernières années. Nous avons effectué un SLCA et utilisé la matrice de l’AT&T ainsi que le technique Delphi afin de comparer un automobile des années 1990 (fabriqué en Chine) avec un autre des années 2000. A travers la comparaison, nous avons calculé 5 étapes de la production de l’automobile : préfabrication, fabricarion du produit, livraison du produit, utilisation du produit, recyclage. La comparaison montre un management environnemental modéré pendant l’extraction et l’empaquetage des ressources. Les évaluations durant la fabrication et la reconstruction /recyclage/ élimination sont toutes misérables, et pendant la période d’utilisation par les clients elle apparaît épouvantable malgré des améliorations. L’évaluation générale des années 90 est loin de répondre à notre désir. Au contraire, celle des années 2000 est bien meilleure que la précédente, mais reste beaucoup à désirer.
Mots-Clés: matrice de l’AT&T, environnement, LCA, SLCA, automobile

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968%2Fj.css.1923669720060204.010

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