The Equivocation Theme in Macbeth

Li-zhi YE


The thesis explores Shakespeare’s use of equivocation in Macbeth from three aspects: ⅰ: The equivocation about prophecies; ⅱ: The equivocation about characters, scenes, and ideas; iii: The equivocation about relationship between the world of reality and that of illusion. It holds that equivocation, beginning with the Weird Sisters in the very first scene to the final downfall of Macbeth, is threaded throughout the fabric of the play, thus it is the most important theme in the play. And the use of equivocation also gives us added appreciation of Shakespeare’s supreme skills as a playwright.
Key words: Shakespeare, Macbeth, equivocation
Résumé: La thèse explore l’utilisation de l’équivocation par Shakespeare dans Macbeth dans les trois perspectives suivantes : 1. L’équivocation sur les prophéties ; 2. L’équivocation sur les caractères, les scènes et les idées ; 3. L’équivocation sur la relation entre le monde réel et le monde d’illusion. Selon cet essai, l’équivocation, commencée par les Weird Sisters dans la première scène jusqu’au déclin final de Macbeth, est enchaînée à travers l’organisation de la pièce, donc elle est le plus important thème dans cette pièce. D’ailleurs, l’utilisation de l’équivocation aide à augmenter notre appréciation pour la technique suprême de Shakespeare comme dramaturge.
Mots-Clés: Shakespeare, Macbeth, équivocation

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