Forster’s Ambiguity in A Passage to India

Hong MAO, Ru-jia XU


A Passage to India has long been interpreted as a classic anti-colonial text since its publication in 1924. This paper intends to explore Forster’s changing impression about India and analyze the ambiguity and contradicted idea of Forster, which makes the novel complex. As a middle-class English writer of the early twentieth century, Forster is anti-imperial in some way, yet he does not entirely give up the idea of the English Empire. This clearly shows Forster’s colonial stand in his subconscious mind, which causes his ambiguity in the novel.
Keywords: A Passage to India, E.M. Forster, Ambiguity, colonial
Résumé: A Passage to India a été longtemps interprété comme un texte classique anticolonial depuis sa publication en 1924. Cette thèse a l’intention d’exploiter l’impression changeante de Forster sur l’Inde et elle a fait une analyse sur l’ambiguïté et l’idée contradictoire de Forster, qui fait un roman complexe. En tant qu’écrivain anglais de la classe moyenne dans la première moitié du IIe siècle, Forster est dans certain sens anti-impérial, pourtant, il n’abandonne pas complètement les idées de l’Empire anglaise. Cela montre clairement la position coloniale de Forster dans sa mentalité consciente qui produit son ambiguïté dans son roman.
Mots-clés: A Passage to India, E.M. Forster, Ambiguïté, colonial

Full Text:




  • There are currently no refbacks.

Share us to:   


  • How to do online submission to another Journal?
  • If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

  • Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

  • Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.
  • We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases:;;

 Articles published in Canadian Social Science are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).


Address: 9375 Rue de Roissy Brossard, Québec, J4X 3A1, Canada 
Telephone: 1-514-558 6138 
Website: Http:// Http://,

Copyright © Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture