A Tentative Corpus-based Study of Collocations Acquisition by Chinese English Language Learners

You-mei GAO, Yun ZHANG

Abstract



Though collocations have drawn much attention in the field of language acquisition, yet difficulties with them have not been investigated in much detail. This paper reports on a corpus-based exploratory study that analyzes the mistakes learners made when they produced English collocations. The study shows that not only beginners but also advanced learners have difficulties in choosing the right collocates and the difficulties that learners of different levels have are more or less the same. The biggest challenge for them is to choose the appropriate verbs. The L1 influence on the production of L2 collocations exists at every stage of learning though it varies with the learners’ L2 competence. Based on this study, a corpus-based approach is advanced in the end to cope with the difficulties in the acquisition of L2 collocations.
Key words: Collocation, second language acquisition, corpus-based, CLEC
Résumé: Ce document fait un bilan sur une étude explorateur de recueil-basée qui fait une analyse des erreurs commis par les apprenants au cas des accords. Cette étude montre que non seulement les débutants mais aussi les apprenants du niveau avancé ont du mal à choisir un bon terme d’accord et que les erreurs y reviennent au même pour tout niveau. Le plus grand défi pour eux est de choisir le mot juste. Le fait que la langue 1 inflence sur la production du choix d’accord existe au niveau quel que ce soit malgré la variation du niveau de langue 2 des apprenants. Basé sur cette étude, une approche recueil-basée est engagée à la fin pour traiter ce problème existant dans l’apprentissage de l’accord en Langue 2.
Mots clefs: Accord , apprentissage de la langue secondaire, recueil-basée , CLEC

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968%2Fj.css.1923669720050103.016

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