A Marxist Perspective to John Stainbeck’s Of Mice and Men

Li-hua CHEN


this article focuses on the obvious elements of social protest in the novel from the Marxist perspective: the plight of migrant workers, a theme that is later developed more fully in Stainbeck’s masterpiece the Grapes of Wrath (1939); racial discrimination and the social prejudice towards women. Elements of social protest, however, are slight when compared with the more universal message of the story, a lack underscored by the fact that the characters have no visible social awareness of their situation and the cause-source for that. Therefore, the article goes into further study on the cause-source for the miserable situation of the migrant workers and other lower-class people. It comes to the conclusion that the social system is to blame and be responsible for the sufferings of the characters.
Key words: John Steinbeck, Of Mice and Men, Marxist perspective, social protest
Résumé: Ce texte se focalise sur les éléments évidents de la protestation sociale dans la nouvelle dans une perspective marxiste : la situation difficile des travailleurs migrants , un thème qui est ensuite dévelppé plus profondément dans le chef-d’oeuvre 《the Grapes of Wrath》(1939) de John Stainbeck ; la discrimination de race et le préjugé social envers les femmes . De toute façon , la protestation sociale des éléments sont légères par rapport au message universel de l’histoire , la manque soulignée par le fait que les héros ne sont pas visiblement conscients de leur situation ainsi que la cause-source . Par conséquent , ce texte fait des étues plus approfondies sur la cause-source de la situation misérable des travailleurs-migrants , et les antres gens les plus démunis de la société . Il conclut enfin que le système social se doit être critiqué et qu’il est responsible pour la souffrance des héros .
mots-clés: John Steinbeck, De Mice and Men, perspective marxiste, protestation sociale

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/j.css.1923669720050101.012


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