Cultural Differences in Compliments

Fei-lin LI, Gao-feng YU

Abstract



Today, English has become the most widely used language in the world. So understanding and knowing about cultural differences play a more and more important role in intercultural communication. There are various cultural differences between English language and Chinese language, such as greetings, form of address, politeness and social dos and don’ts shape. This paper mainly studies praise and compliments, and analyzes the following aspects: social functions; the sentence patterns of praise language; usage mode and concerned topics, the ways to respond, as well as the social causes of these cultural differences. Therefore, English learners should grasp social cultural knowledge of China and western countries when they studying English. In that case, people could avoid misunderstanding in intercultural communication.
Key words:Intercultural communication, cultural difference, praise and compliments, social cause
Résumé : Aujourd’hui, l’anglais est devenu la langue la plus populaire au monde . Donc , la compréhension et la connaissance des différences culturelles jouent un rôle de plus en plus important dans la communication interculturelle . De diverses différences culturelles existent entre l’anglais et le chinois , telles que la salutation , formule de s’adresser , de politesse , etc . Ce texte étudie principalement les louanges et les compliments , et analyse ces aspects ci-dessous : fonction sociale , les expressions de louange , la mode d’usage , les thèmes concernés , les moyens pour répondre ainsi que les causes sociales de ces différences culturelles . Par conséquent , les apprenants d’anglais doivent maîtriser les connaissances de la culture sociale chinoise et celles des pays occidentaux quand ils apprennent l’anglais . Dans ce cas , on peurrait éviter les malentendus le plus possible dans la communication interculturelle .
Mots-clés : communication interculturelle, différence culturelle, louange et compliment, cause sociale

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968%2Fj.css.1923669720050101.009

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