Political Elites and the Challenge of Free and Fair Elections in the Nigerian Fourth Republic



Conducting free, fair and credible elections constitute a major challenge to democratic stability in emerging democracies. This paper with specific focus on the Nigerian state of the fourth republic discusses the impediments to free and fair elections from the perspective of elitist contradiction and manipulation for power acquisition. The paper accentuates that elitist practice as regard the means of power acquisition, the purpose and utilization of political power or the nature of politics as witnessed in the present political dispensation is antithetical to democratic process. The paper further discussed the negative impact of ethnicization which presently manifest inform of zoning, incumbency factor and class interest on political behavior in the Nigerian polity and thus recommends the involvement of the academia and the civil society in enhancing political education as well as the need for informed political participation on the part of the people which is acquired through experience in the exercise over a period of time.
Key words: Democracy; Electoral process; Elitist contradiction; Political power; Political representation; Political skill

La réalisation d'élections libres, justes et crédibles constituent défi majeur pour la stabilité démocratique dans les démocraties émergentes. Ce document avec un accent particulier sur l'état nigérian de la Quatrième République discuter des obstacles aux élections libres et équitables du point de vue de la contradiction et la manipulation élitiste pour l'acquisition de puissance. Qui accentuent la pratique de ce papier élitiste que les moyens d'acquérir le pouvoir, le but et l'utilisation du pouvoir politique ou le genre de politique, comme en témoigne dans la dispensation actuelle politique antithétique à la démocratie est un processus. Le Top du papier suite d’avoir discuté de l'impact négatif de l'ethnicisation qui actuellement se manifester informer de facteur de titularisation de zonage, et l'intérêt de classe sur le comportement politique dans la politique nigériane et Malthus recommande l'implication du monde universitaire et la société civile pour renforcer l'éducation politique ainsi que les Besoin pour la participation politique éclairé sur la main du peuple qui est acquis par l'expérience dans l'exercice sur une période de temps.
Mots clés: Démocratie; Processus électoral; Contradiction élitiste; Pouvoir politique; Représentation politique; Compétences politiques


Democracy; Electoral process; Elitist contradiction; Political power; Political representation; Political skill

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/J.css.1923669720110705.435


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