Oedipal Identity of the Patriarch in Gabriel Garcia Marquez’s The Autumn of The Patriarch

Maryam Harati, Fatemeh Sadat Basirizadeh


In his masterpiece –The Autumn of the Patriarch- G. G. Marquez describes the death and the life of a dictator having no name, living more than 200 years in an unknown island. Marquez’s literary creation of such dictator whose power overshadowed the whole universe, even the sun and the moon, provides an opportunity of psychoanalytic study. Sigmund Freud’s psychological theory especially Oedipus complex and unconscious crises seem to be appeared in the dictator’s character and his relationship with other characters in the novel. The most noticeable one is the sort of relationship exists between the dictator and his mother.
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) believes that human personality consists of three parts called the Id, Ego and the Superego. Id, Ego and Superego are together called an energy system, a kind of sexual energy which Freud believes to be the motivations of what all humans do - Libido. The Oedipus complex that Freud gets its name from an ancient Greek drama (tragedy) by Sophocles called Oedipus the Rex in which Oedipus kills his father and marries his mother; it contains a sort of psychological conflict between the child’s id and the superego.
Based on what Freud tells about the Oedipus complex, the researchers try to find the oedipal identity of the dictator in The Autumn of the Patriarch.
Key words: Id; Ego; Superego; Oedipus complex and Libido

Dans son chef-d'œuvre L'Automne du patriarche de l'Marquez-GG décrit la mort et la vie d'un dictateur ayant pas de nom, vivant à plus de 200 ans dans une île inconnue. La création littéraire Marquez du dictateur dont la puissance éclipsée ces tout l'univers, même le soleil et la lune, fournit une occasion d'étude psychanalytique. Théorie psychologique de Sigmund Freud en particulier les crises complexe d'Œdipe et de l'inconscient semble être apparu dans le caractère du dictateur et de sa relation avec les autres personnages dans le roman. La plus notable est le genre de relation existe entre le dictateur et sa mère.
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) estime que la personnalité humaine se compose de trois parties appelées l'Id, moi et le surmoi. Id, moi et du surmoi sont ensemble appelé un système énergétique, une sorte d'énergie sexuelle que Freud croit être les motivations de ce que tous les humains ne - Libido. Le complexe d'Œdipe que Freud obtient son nom d'un drame antique grec (tragédie) de Sophocle Oedipe appelé le Rex dans lequel Œdipe tue son père et épouse sa mère, il contient une sorte de conflit psychologique entre l'ID de l'enfant et le surmoi.
Basé sur ce que Freud parle du complexe d'Œdipe, les chercheurs tentent de trouver l'identité œdipienne du dictateur dans L'Automne du patriarche.
Mots clés: Id; Ego; Surmoi; complexe d'Œdipe et de la libido


Id; Ego; Superego; Oedipus complex and Libido;Id; Ego; Surmoi; complexe d'Œdipe et de la libido


Boeree, George (1997). Personality Theories. Web: http://www.ship.edu/%7Ecgboeree/perscontents.html in July 2011.
Freud. S. (1923). The Ego and the Id. W. W. Norton & Company.
Freud. S. (1969). An Outline of Psychoanalysis. London: Norton.
Freud. S. (1974). Introductory Lectures in Psychoanalysis. London: Penguin .
M.G. G. (1975). The Autumn of the Patriarch. Translated by: Gregory Rabassa.
Molen, H. P. (1979). Potency vs. Incontinence in The Autumn of the Patriarch of G. G. Marquez, web: http://www.jstore.org/stable/1347317.
Myth Man’s Homework Help Center Oedipus the King, web: http://thanasis.com/oedipus.htm, in June. 2011.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/J.css.1923669720110705.174


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