The Search for Hygienic Water in Uromi District: The Colonial Attempt

Eddy O. Erhagbe, Simon O. Ehiabhi

Abstract


Access to hygienic water is becoming difficult by the day, especially in developing economies. The people of Uromi in the Esan or Ishan region of Nigeria find it challenging to access drinkable water even in the 21st century. The problem of water has been an issue in Uromi since the pre-colonial era. Before the imposition of British colonial rule in Nigeria, the Uromi people resulted to digging pits to trap running rain water as their main source of water, which of course was unhygienic. Colonial documents obtained from the National Archives Ibadan, Nigeria were analyzed and the findings reveal the spirited efforts made by the colonial regime to provide accessible and hygienic water for the people of Uromi. Although the colonial attempt was not very successful, because of the Uromi topography, yet, that attempt improved the quality of water available to the people.
Key words: Hygienic; Colonial; Wells; Water

Résumé
Accès à l'eau hygiénique devient difficile de jour en jour, surtout dans les économies en développement. Les habitants de la région Uromi Esan ou Ishan du Nigeria trouvent qu'il est difficile d'accéder à l'eau potable, même dans le 21ème siècle. Le problème de l'eau a été un problème dans Uromi depuis l'ère pré-coloniale. Avant l'imposition du régime colonial britannique au Nigeria, les gens Uromi abouti à creuser des fosses pour piéger l'eau courante pluie comme leur principale source d'eau, ce qui bien sûr était insalubre. Documents coloniaux obtenues à partir des Archives nationales d'Ibadan, au Nigeria ont été analysés et les résultats révèlent les efforts entrain faite par le régime colonial à fournir de l'eau accessible et hygiéniques pour les gens de Uromi. Bien que la tentative coloniale n'a pas été très réussie, en raison de la topographie Uromi, pourtant, cette tentative a amélioré la qualité de l'eau à la disposition des gens.
Mots clés: Hygiène; Colonial; Wells; Eau

Keywords


Hygienic; Colonial; Wells; Water;Hygiène; Colonial; Wells; Eau

References


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Archival Materials from the National Archives Ibadan (NAI), Nigeria, Benin Provincial (BP), Ishan Division (ID)
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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968%2FJ.css.1923669720110705.155

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