The Effect of Group Counseling on the Level of Depression and Anxiety in a Sample of Women in the Menopausal Stage in Jordan

Entisar Yousef Smadi

Abstract


The study aimed to identify the impact of the group counseling program on the degree of anxiety and depression program in a sample of women in the menopausal stage in the city of Amman, Jordan, the study sample included 22 ladies in the menopausal stage, 11 women of the experimental group and 11 women of the control group, where the application of anxiety scale characteristic and Beck-Depression scale on the members of the two groups as a pre-test, then applied counseling program on the experimental sample for a period of 12 weeks, without any procedures with control group, after that has been re-apply the measure again as a post-test, statistical analysis showed positive impact in reducing the level of anxiety and depression in the experimental sample belonging to the group counseling program. The study concluded that the recommendation of the need for awareness of the nature of the menopausal stage and provide specialized psychiatric services contribute to overcoming the psychological effects associated with it.

 


Keywords


Anxiety; Depression; Menopause

Full Text:

PDF

References


Baty, F. J. (2005). Understanding anxiety. Fife Department of Clinical Psychology, ©.

Bliss, A. R ( 2005). Menopausal transition: Psychosocial aspects and the role of melatonin in psychogenic symptoms. Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia.

Borrill, J. (2000). All about depression. UK: The Mental Health Foundation.

Bromberger, J. T., Kravitz, H. M., Chang, Y. F., Randolph, J. F., Jr., Avis., N. E., Gold, E. B., & Matthews, K. A. (2014). Does risk for anxiety increase during the menopausal transition? Menopause, 20(5), 488-495.

Brosan, L., Hogan, B., Flight, E., Freyland, J., Kult, F., Lightning, E., & Heeswyk, R. (2010). Coping with anxiety. Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT).

Charmchi, N., & Khalatbari, J. (2011). A review on depression and anxiety during women’s Menopaus. International Journal of Science and Advanced Technology, 1(6).

Deeks, A. (2003). Psychological aspects of menopause management. Best Practice & Research: Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 17(1), 17-31. doi:10.1053/ybeem.2003.232

Drobnjak, S., Atsiz, S., Ditzen, B., Tuschen-Caffier, B., & Ehlert, U. (2014). Restrained eating and self-esteem in premenopausal and postmenopausal women. Journal of Eating Disorders, (2), 23.

Elavsky, S., & McAul, E. (2010). Personality, menopausal symptoms, and physical activity outcomes in middle-aged women. Personality Individual Differenes, 46(2), 123-128. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2008.09.014

Goswami, P. (2013). Ageing and its effect on body-self image, mood and self esteem of middle age women and older women. IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science (IOSR-JHSS), 18(5), 63-73.

Green, S. M., Haber, E., McCabe, R. E., & Soares, C. N. (2013). Cognitive behavioral group treatment for menopausal symptoms: A pilot study. Arch Womens Mental Health, 16(4), 325-332.

Jayabharathi, B., & Judie, A. ( 2016). Severity of menopausal symptoms and its relationship with quality of life in post-menopausal women. International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, 8(1), 33-38.

Larroy, C., Marín, C., &Gutiérrez, S. (2015). The effects of cognitive-behavioral techniques on hot flushes, depression and anxiety related to menopause in Spanish women. Wulfenia Journal, 22(3).

Llaneza, P., Garcia-Portilla, M., Llaneza-Suarez, D., Armott, B., & Pérez-Lopez, F. (2012). Depressive disorders and the menopause transition. Maturitas, 71, 120-130

Moustafa, M., Ali, R., El Saied, S., & Taha, S. (2010). Impact of menopausal symptoms on quality of life among women’s in Qena city. Faculty of Nursing Assuit University. Faculty of Medicine - South Valley University, Egypt.

Mushtaq, S. H. (2011). Post-menopausal women: A study of their psycho-physical changes with an impact on family. Anthropologist, 13(2), 131-135.

National Institutes of Health U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. (2010). Menopause. Reprinted August 2010 Publication No. 08-6143.

Rodríguez-Landa, J., Puga-Olguín, A., Germán- Ponciano, L., Isela, R., Ríos, G., & Soria-Fregozo, C. (2015). Anxiety in natural and surgical menopause physiologic and therapeutic bases. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5772/60621

Yazdkhasti, M., Simbar, M., & Abdi, F. (2015). Empowerment and coping strategies in menopause women. Iran Red Crescent Med J., 17(3), e18944. doi: 10.5812/ircmj.18944




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/9300

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Entisar Yousef Smadi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Share us to:   


Reminder

  • How to do online submission to another Journal?
  • If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

  • Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

  • Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.
  • We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases: caooc@hotmail.com; css@cscanada.net; css@cscanada.org

 Articles published in Canadian Social Science are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).

 CANADIAN SOCIAL SCIENCE Editorial Office 

Address1020 Bouvier Street, Suite 400, Quebec City, Quebec, G2K 0K9, Canada.

Website: Http://www.cscanada.net Http://www.cscanada.org 
E-mailcss@cscanada.net, css@cscanada.org

Copyright © Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture