Emotional Burnout Among Working Wives: Dimensions and Effect

Rula Odeh Al Sawalqa

Abstract


Emotional burnout of the most important psycho-social phenomena which has roots Grounded in social relations—reactions in social interactions—especially in the work environment, and it goes beyond mental health by focusing on specific stressors in the workplace to emphasize total life and environmental pressures affecting health. This article examines and reveals the levels of Emotional Burnout among working wives, and how this relates to the demographic dimension. For this purpose, the general social surveying method was used to collect data. The Emotional Burnout scale was used to measure these levels in 600 employed women. Findings indicated that the level of Emotional Burnout among working women was moderate; and that the number of children was among the variables that had the greatest effect on raising the level of Emotional Burnout among the participants. Emotional Burnout is also harmful health-wise (headaches, eating disorders, irregularity in heart rate, stomach pain).


Keywords


Emotional burnout; Working wives; Emotion work; Sociology of emotion

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abu Ghazaleh, S. (2008). The effectiveness of guidance in improving marital agreement of the spouses. Psychological Studies, Psychologists Association, 18(2), 33-370.

Alarcon, G., Eschleman, K. J., & Bowling, N. A. (2009). Relationships between personality variables and burnout: A meta-analysis. Work & Stress, 23(3), 244-263.

Al-Dubai, S. A. R., Ganasegeran, K., Perianayagam, W., & Rampal, K. G. (2013). Emotional burnout, perceived sources of job stress, professional fulfillment, and engagement among medical residents in Malaysia. The Scientific World Journal, 9.

Bakker, A. B., Demerouti, E., & Schaufeli, W. B. (2003). The socially induced burnout model. Advances in Psychology Research, 25, 13-30.

Beech, H. R., Burns, L. E., & Sheffield, B. F. (1983). A behavioural approach to the management of stress: A practical guide to techniques. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.

Bianchi, R., Boffy, C., Hingray, C., Truchot, D., & Laurent, E. (2013). Comparative symptomatology of burnout and depression. Journal of Health Psychology, 18(6), 782-787.

Blumer, H. (1986). Symbolic interactionism: Perspective and method. Universty of California Press.

Burke, R. J., & Greenglass, E. R. (1989). Psychological burnout among men and women in teaching: An examination of the Cherniss model. Human Relations, 42(3), 261-273.

Chutko, L. (2010). Syndrome manager emotional burnout stress management. Russian Book Publisher.

Chutko, L., Surushkina, S., Rozhkova, A., Nikishena, I., & Yakovenko, E. (2015). The asthenic symptom complex in patients with emotional burnout syndrome. Neuroscience and Behavioral Physiology, 3(45), 354-359.

Chutko, L., Surushkina, Y., & Nikishenna, S. (2009). Correction of the clinical manifestation of emotional burnout syndrome. Neuroscience and Behavioral Physiology, 109(2), 66-68.

Cropanzano, R., Rupp, D. E., & Byrne, Z. S. (2003). The relationship of emotional exhaustion to work attitudes, job performance, and organizational citizenship behaviors. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88(1), 160.

Dhaniram, N. (2009). Stress, burnout and salutogenic functioning amongst community service doctors in Kwazulu-Natal hospitals. Retrieved from ResearchGate.

Diestel, S., & Schmidt, K. H. (2011). The moderating role of cognitive control deficits in the link from emotional dissonance to burnout symptoms and absenteeism. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 16(3), 313.

Edelwich, J., & Brodsky, A. (1980). Burn-out: Stages of disillusionment in the helping professions (Vol.1). New York: Human Sciences Press.

Erickson, R. J., & Ritter, C. (2001). Emotional labor, burnout, and inauthenticity: Does gender matter? Social Psychology Quarterly, 146-163.

Fincham, F. D., & Osborne, L. N. (1995). Understanding marriage and marital distress: Do milliseconds matter? Journal of Family Psychology, 9(1), 24-27.

Formaniuk, T. V. (1995). The “emotional burnout” syndrome as an indicator of the teacher’s professional disadaptation. Russian Education & Society, 37(9), 78-92.

Gachutha, C. W. (2006). The role of supervision in the management of counsellor burnout (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Africa.

Goleman, D. (1995). Emotional intelligence (p.34). New York: Bantam Books.

Goleman, D. (2005). Emotional intelligence. (p.22.31). New York: Bantam Book.

Hobfoll, S. E. (2001). The influence of culture, community, and the nested-self in the stress process: Advancing conservation of resources theory. Applied Psychology, 50(3), 337-421.

Hobfoll, S. E. (2002). Social and psychological resources and adaptation. Review of General Psychology, 6(4), 307.

Ian, C. (1999). Modern social theory: From parsons to Habermas (M. G. Ghalloum, Trans., p.117). Aalam Al–Ma’rifah, Kuwait.

Ismail, S., & Najeeb, M. (2004). The relationship of marital disorder to sympathy between the two spouses and positive recognition of the partner. The Journal of Arabic Studies in Psychology, 3(2), 31-58.

Ito, J. K., & Brotheridge, C. M. (2003). Resources, coping strategies, and emotional exhaustion: A conservation of resources perspective. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 63(3), 490-509.

Kluemper, D. H. (2008). Trait emotional intelligence: The impact of core-self evaluations and social desirability. Personality and Individual Differences, 44(6), 1402-1412.

Komarevtseva, I. V. (2012). Development mechanisms of the emotional burnout syndrome among professionals (p.10). Proc. the 5th All-Russian Scientific-Practical Conference. The Olympic Sochi: Society. Culture. Personality. Sochi; Sochi State University, Publ., 4th-6th October.

Komarevtseva, F. (2014). The dynamics of tolerance to the emotional burnout syndrome among teachers of the system of special education in the process of preventive work. Russian Psychological, 11, 46.

Lambert, E. G., Barton-Bellessa, S. M., & Hogan, N. L. (2015). The consequences of emotional burnout among correctional staff. SAGE Open, (2), 1-15.

Lawler, E. J. (2001). An affect theory of social exchange. American Journal of Sociology, 107(2), 321-352.

Levinson, D., Cookson Jr., P., & Sadovnik, A. (2013). Education and sociology: An encyclopedia. NY: Rotledge.

Lyons, A. C., Neelakantan, U., & Scherpf, E. (2008). Gender and marital differences in wealth and investment decisions: Implications for researchers, financial professionals, and educators. Networks Financial Institute Working Paper, (02).

Maslach, C. (1982). Understanding burnout: Definitional issues in analyzing a complex phenomenon. In W. S. Paine (Ed.), Job stress and burnout (pp.29-40). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.

Maslach, C., & Jackson, S. E. (1997). MBI. Maslach burnout inventory (2nd Ed.). Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press.

Ono, H., & Raymo, J. M. (2006). Housework, market work, and “doing gender” when marital satisfaction declines. Social Science Research, 35(4), 823-850.

Oscharoff, A. (2011). Emotional exhaustion, work-family conflict, and marital satisfaction among professional psychologists.

Pines, A. M., Neal, M. B., Hammer, L. B., & Icekson, T. (2011). Job burnout and couple burnout in dual-earner couples in the sandwiched generation. Social Psychology Quarterly, 74(4), 361-386.

Raslan, N. (2006). The emotional intelligence of women and its relationship with marital agreement. The Egyptian Journal of Psychological Studies, the Egyptian General Assembly of Psychological Studies, 16(51), 455-492.

Schaufeli, W., & Enzmann, D. (1998). The burnout companion to study and practice: A critical analysis. CRC Press.

Swider, B. W., & Zimmerman, R. D. (2010). Born to burnout: A meta-analytic path model of personality, job burnout, and work outcomes. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 76(3), 487-506.

Thomas, M., Kohli, V., & Choi, J. (2014). Correlates of job burnout among human services workers: Implications for workforce retention. J. Soc. & Soc. Welfare, 41, 69.

Tracy, S. (2000). Becoming a character for commerce: Emotion labor. Management Communication Quarterly, 14, 90-128.

Uthman, I. (2008). Contemporary social theory. Dar Al-Shuruk for Publishing, Amman, Jordan.

Weisberg, J., & Sagie, A. (1999). Teachers’ physical, mental, and emotional burnout: impact on intention to quit. The Journal of Psychology, 133(3), 333-339.

Wright, T. A., & Cropanzano, R. (1998). Emotional exhaustion as a predictor of job performance and voluntary turnover. Journal of Applied Psychology, 83(3), 486.

Zanjani1, F. A., et al. (2015). Assessment on relationship beliefs and marital burnout domain among fertile and infertile couples. Fundamental of Mental Health, 3, 81-86.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/9224

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Rula odeh alsawalqa

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Share us to:   


Reminder

  • How to do online submission to another Journal?
  • If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

  • Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

  • Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.
  • We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases: caooc@hotmail.com; css@cscanada.net; css@cscanada.org

 Articles published in Canadian Social Science are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).

 CANADIAN SOCIAL SCIENCE Editorial Office 

Address1020 Bouvier Street, Suite 400, Quebec City, Quebec, G2K 0K9, Canada.

Website: Http://www.cscanada.net Http://www.cscanada.org 
E-mailcss@cscanada.net, css@cscanada.org

Copyright © Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture