Patron-Clientelism and Community Participation: Lessons From an Urban Poverty Alleviation Project in Bangladesh

Parvaz Azharul Huq

Abstract


This paper explores the logic of patronage and its manifestation in a community-driven development project in two poor urban settlements in Bangladesh. It is seen from the case study that long-term patron-clientelistic relationship has been more dominant than a short-term based brokerage system due to the existing typical socio-political culture in Bangladesh. The exertion of patron-clientelistic relationship depends primarily on the community specific socio-political context. This paper opines that the presence of multi-political parties’ influence in a community reduces the dominance of patron-clientistic logic in shaping social relationship. This in turn contributes to a more meaningful participation.


Keywords


Bangladesh; Community participation and patron-client relationship; Patron-clientelism

Full Text:

PDF

References


Auyero, J., Lapegna, P., & Poma, F. P. (2009). Patronage politics and contentious collective action: A recursive relationship. Latin American Politics and Society, 51(1), 1-31.

Bearfield, D. A. (2009). What is patronage? A critical re-examination. Public Administraion Review (January/February), 64-76.

Chandra, K. (2007). Counting heads: A theory of voter and elite behaviour in patronage democracies. In H. Kitschelt & S. I. Wilkinson (Eds.), Patrons, clients and policies: patterns of democratic accountability and political competition (pp.94-110). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Cox, J. (2009). Active citizenship or passive clentelism? Accountability and development in solomon islands. Development in Practice, 19(8), 964-980.

de Wit, J. (2001). Partnership, participation and patronage relations of urban poverty alleviation in Bangalore Slums. ISS working papers. The Hague: Institute of Social Studies.

De Wit, J., & Berner, E. (2009). Progressive Patronage? Municipalities, NGOs, CBOs and the limits to slum dwellers’ empowerment. Development and Change, 40(5), 927-947.

Desai, V. (1995). Community participation and slum housing: A study of bombay. Thousand Oaks, London and New Delhi: Sage Publications.

Dwianto, R. D. (1999). Patron-client relations reconsidered: Comparing civil defense group in Danto earthquake and Jakarta riots of May 1998. International Journal of Japanese Sociology, (8), 161-181.

GHK-International. (2006). Report of the evaluation mission: Local partnership for urban poverty alleviation. Dhaka: Local Partnerships for Urban Poverty Alleviation Project.

Kitscheld, H., & Wilkinson, S. I. (Eds.). (2007). Patrons, clients and policies: Patterns of democratic accountability and political competition. New Yord: Cambridge University Press.

Leonard, D. K., Brass, J. N., Nelson, M., Ear, S., Fahey, D., Fairfield, T., . . . Dijkman, J. (2010). Does patronage still drive politics for the rural poor in the developing world? A comparative perspective from the livestock sector. Development and Change, 41(3), 475-494.

Mukhopadhyay, A. (1993). Community participation in urban development. In B. Mohanty (Ed.), Urbanisation in developing countries-basic services and community participation (pp.331-344). New Delhi: Institute of Social Science.

O’Reilly, K. (2010). The promise of Patronage: Adapting and adopting neoliberal development. Antipode, 42(1), 179-200.

Rahman, M. T. (2000). The role of parliamentary committees in ensuring bureaucratic accountability in Bangladesh. (M. Phil. dissertation). University of Bergen.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/8724

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 Parvaz Azharul Huq

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Share us to:   


Reminder

  • How to do online submission to another Journal?
  • If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

  • Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

  • Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.
  • We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases: caooc@hotmail.com; css@cscanada.net; css@cscanada.org

 Articles published in Canadian Social Science are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).

 CANADIAN SOCIAL SCIENCE Editorial Office 

Address1020 Bouvier Street, Suite 400, Quebec City, Quebec, G2K 0K9, Canada.

Website: Http://www.cscanada.net Http://www.cscanada.org 
E-mailcss@cscanada.net, css@cscanada.org

Copyright © Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture