Architectural Education in the Arab World and Its Role in Facing the Contemporary Local and Regional Challenges

Aida Hoteit

Abstract


This research discusses the academic architectural education and its role in facing the challenges caused by the Arab revolutions that commenced in 2011, also known as “The Arab Spring”. It begins with a review of the most important issues of the present Arab world and continues by demonstrating the role of architecture in developing society and improving the quality of life. It also explores the appropriate architecture for the current phase, which must be design-based with a humanitarian-social dimension and respect to both “sustainability” and “participation”. Subsequently, the need to review the academic architectural education is addressed so that it convoys the current developments of society and becomes able to shape and create architects qualified in the field of the desired architecture. This may be done by introducing new resolutions related to social architecture, launching the Design/Build studio alongside traditional architecture studios, and indulging students in the field of participatory design. In addition, architectural research of students and their graduation projects should be directed to address the local issues, aiming to serve society and promote its development. Finally, recommendations to universities and higher education institutes are raised so that they can act their intended role in the development and improvement of their societies.


Keywords


Architecture education; Arab Spring; Humanitarian architecture; Participatory design; Design/build studio; Final year project

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdul Latif, A. (2012, December 29). Iktisadeyatdouwal “Al-Rabia’ al-’arabi” al-Wakea’wa al-Afak [Economies of the “Arab Spring” countries… the reality and what lies ahead]. The Majalla.Retrieved from http://arb.majalla.com/2012/12/article55241203

Al-Arab. (2014, December 27). Al-idtirab al-nafsinakmat al-thawrat al-rabia’ al-a’rabi‘la shou’oubiha [Mental disorders are the indignation of the Arab revolutions on its respective peoples]. Al-Arab. Retrieved from http://www.alarab.co.uk/m/?id=41340

Arnaout, R. (2014). Kira’anakdiyya fi al-’amara al-mou’asira [A critical review of contemporary architecture]. Folk Culture, 27. Retrieved from http://www.folkculturebh.org/ar/index.php?issue=27&page=showarticle&id=508

Bakeer, A. (2011). Tatawordawral_jamia’ fi khedmat al-moujtama’ fi daw’e al-masouliya al-moujtama’yawa el-itijahatal-a;lamya al-haditha. paper presented at mo’tamar al-mas’ouliyya al-mojtamai’yyaliljame’at al-phalestiniyya [Evolution of the role of the university in serving society in light of the societal responsibilities and the contemporary global currents]. Al Quds-Open University, Palestine. Retrieved from http://www.qou.edu/arabic/conferences/socialResponsibilityConf/dr_ayddaBakeer.pdf

Banna, E., & Barakat, W. (2013). A simplified procedure for teaching environmental participatory design. International Design Journal, 3(4).

Bedrossian, N., Haidar, M., Fares, J., Kobeissy, F. H., & Fares, Y. (2016). Inflammation and elevation of interleukin-12p40 in patients with schizophrenia. Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience, 9.

Fares, Y., & Fares, J. (2013). Anatomical and neuropsychological effects of cluster munitions. Neurological Sciences, 34(12), 2095-2100.

Fares, Y., Ayoub, F., Fares, J., Khazim, R., Khazim, M., & Gebeily, S. (2013). Pain and neurological sequelae of cluster munitions on children and adolescents in South Lebanon. Neurological Sciences, 34(11), 1971-1976.

Fayyad, R. (2013, October 17). Fi an-noumuw, wa al-tanmiya, wa al-thakafa, watakween al-mouhandeswa al-me’amar [Growth, development, and culture and the formation of the engineer and the architect]. Al-Hiwar al-Moutamaden. Retrieved from http://www.ahewar.org/debat/print.art.asp?t=0&aid=382777&ac=1

Galvin, T. (2007). A new trend of architectural practice and education: Community-based design/build programs. Retrieved from http://www.mcgill.ca/mchg/files/mchg/wu_isd_essay.pdf

Ghanem, A. (2009). Al-takhtit w mosharakat al-mowaten aw altakhtit al-tasharoki [Design and the participation of citizens or participatory design]. Retrieved from http://www.pidegypt.org/download/Local-election/ParticipatoryPlanningAdvocacy%20Dr.El%20Sayed%20Ghanem.pdf

Hassan, A. (2009). Nahwatawthik al-a’ilakabayna al-jamia’wa al-moujtama’ [Towards strengthening the relation between the univresity and the communtiy]. Retrieved from http://sustech.edu/staff_publications/2009110616405454.pdf

Heringer, A., Fernandez-Galiano, L., & Echeverri, A. (2013).Laufen manifesto for a humane design culture. Retrieved from http://www.anna-heringer.com/index.php?id=79

Hinson, D., & Miller, J. (2013). Designed for habitat: Collaborations with habitat for humanity. Routledge.

Hoteit, A. (2015a). Contemporary architecttural trends and their impact on the symbolic and spiritual function of the Mosque. International Journal of Current Research, 7(3), 13547-13558.

Hoteit, A. (2015b). War against architecture, identity and collective memory. International Journal of Development Research, 5(2).

Hoteit, A. (2015c). Deconstructivism: Translation from philosophy to architecture. Canadian Social Science, 11(7).

Hoteit, A. (2015d). Role of the landscape in the preservation of collective memory and the enhancement of national belonging. Canadian Social Science, 11(3), 42.

Hoteit, A. Y. (1993). Cultura, espacio y organizaciónurbana en la ciudad islámica. Departamento de Urbanística y Ordenacióndel Territorio, EscuelaTécnica Superior de Arquitectura.

Hoteit, A., & Fares, J. (2014). Psycho-environmental tribulations arising from cluster munitions in South Lebanon. Sci-Afric Journal of Scientific Issues, Research and Essays, 2(10), 469-473.

Jones C. (1970). Design methods. London: Wiley.

Kassab, M. ( 2014, April 26). Al-A’marabayna al-siyasawa al-madaniya [Architecture between politics and urbanism].An-Nahar. Retrieved from http://newspaper.annahar.com/article/128476

Lepik, A. (2015, September). Personal interview.

Mokbee, S. (1998).The rural studio.Architectural design, everyday and architecture. Retrieved from http://samuelmockbee.net/work/writings/the-rural-studio/

Salama, A. (1995). New trends in architectural education: Designing the design studio. ARTI-ARCH.

Sanoff, H. (2004). Participatory design: Theory and techniques, bookmasters, Raleigh, N. C. (1990) apud DEMIRBILEK, O; DEMIRKAN, H. Universal product design involving elderly users: A participatory design model. Applied Ergonomics, 35(4), 361-370.

Solanki, A. S. K., & Sankat, A. S. (2015). Realizing participatory model of teaching in architectural education: Towards participatory building services studio from theory based classes. International Journal of Engineering and Innovative Technology, 4(11), 241-243.

Tuqan, J. (2012, July 6). Personal interview.

UNDP. (1995). Donor organizations and participatory development. New York, NY: UNDP Issues Paper for Social Development Series, #1.

UNESCO/UIA Charter For Architectural Education. (2011). Charter revised in 2011 and approved by the UIA General Assembly. Tokyo. Retrieved from http://www.etsab.upc.edu/web/escuela/acreditacion/0_chart.pdf




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/8506

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 Aida Hoteit

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Share us to:   


Reminder

  • How to do online submission to another Journal?
  • If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

  • Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

  • Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.
  • We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases: caooc@hotmail.com; css@cscanada.net; css@cscanada.org

 Articles published in Canadian Social Science are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).

 CANADIAN SOCIAL SCIENCE Editorial Office 

Website: Http://www.cscanada.net Http://www.cscanada.org 
E-mailcss@cscanada.net, css@cscanada.org

Copyright © Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture