Pakistan Federation and Baloch Nationalism: A Prospect of Economic Development and Political Challenges

Muhammad Imran, Muhammad Akram-ul-Haq

Abstract


It is an old problem with deep wounds both in Islamabad and among the Baloch people that Baloch sub-nationalism intimidating to slash the nation separately, they like to pursue two main viewpoints while explanations of this problem vary. On the other hand, the blame for the difficulty between the Federal government of Pakistan and the Baloch people deceit in the policies and strategies adopted by the government of Pakistan. As well as, censure on lack of Baloch assimilation for the capabilities and culture of the Baloch people. The main centered hierarchical, society and potentials augmented by the internationally stress has pushed them away from integration with the centre. This paper evaluates both sides to determine that awareness more specifically reflect the authenticity innate in the Baloch-Islamabad dilemma. It exposed other elements of every verdict significantly contribute the dilemmas. In addition, the system of Sardari as explained by Pro-Islamabad viewpoint, presents tremendous obstacles for integration. The geo-strategic importance of Baluchistan, the Great Game in the region and the interests of regional and world big powers in Baluchistan would be explored. After discussing the theoretical framework and issues between the central government and the Baloch people, the operative factors that led to trust deficit between the both parties have been explored and comparative analyses have been offered.

Keywords


Baluchistan; Pakistan; Federalism; Gwadar

Full Text:

PDF

References


Afzal, M. R. (2001). PAKISTAN: History and politics, 1947-1971. Karachi: Oxford University Press.

Ahmad, S. I. (1989). Strategic importance of balochistan in the wake of Afghan crisis (Doctoral dissertation). University of Karachi.

Ahmed, I. (2013). Pakistan the garrison state: Origin, evolution, consequences 1947-2011. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press.

Ali, A. (2010). Pakistan’s development challenges: Federalism, security and governance. Karachi, Pakistan: Royal Book Company.

Anwar, Z. (2011). Gwadar deep Seaport’s emergence as regional trade and transportation hub. Journal of Political Studies, 1(2), 97-112.

Ashraf, J. (2011). After Balochistan India trying to fuel unrest in GB. The Nation.

Bakht, N. (2008). Epistemology of Baloch and Balochistan: A histo-political view. Pakistan Journal of History & Culture, XXIX(1), 241.

Baloch, I. (1983). The Baluch question in Pakistan and the right of self determination (p.202). Hamburg.

Baloch, L. (2010). Balochistan Ka Bohraan, Sulagtaay Msaael Aur Hull. Jang.

Balochistan Economic Report Background Paper on Social Structures and Migration. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.researchcollective.org/Documents/Balochistan Economic Report.pdf

Balochistan Fisheries Development Study: Options for Balochistan Coastal Fisheries & Aquaculture. Govt. of Pakistan and US AID. (2008). Retrieved from www.adb.org/Documents/PPARs/ PAK/15031-PAK-PPAR. pdf

Bizenjo, M. G. B. (2006).The Baloch cultural heritage. Karachi: Royal Book Company.

Gateway to All Government Services of Balochistan. (2011). Retrieved from http:// www.balochistan.gov.pk-Prosecution.

Govt. of Balochistan, Explore Balochistan. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.balochistan.gov.pk -Population Welfare & Zakat

Haider, S. F. (2011). Mega projects in Balochistan. Retrieved from http://www. syedfazlehaider.com/books/mega-projects-in-balochistan

Imperial Gazetteer of India Provincial Series Baluchistan. (1984). Sang-e-Meel Publication., Lahore.

Jehnazeb. (2006). The trade potential and industrial development in Gwadar. Journal of Management Sciences, 1.

Lee, B. A. (2006). Recreating the silk road: The challenge of overcoming transaction costs. The China and Eurasia Forum Quarterly, 4 (4).

Masood, W. (2006). The murdered of Akbar Bugti. Monthly Nawa-e-Insan, 7(279).

Mazhar, M. S., Javaid, U., & Goraya, N. S. (2012). Balochistan (from strategic significance to US involvement). Journal of Political Studies, 19(11), 13-127.

Mazhar, M. S., Javaid, U., & Goraya, N. S. (2012). Balochistan (from strategic significance to US involvement). Journal of Political Studies, 19(11), 13-127.

Mega Development Projects—Government of Balochistan. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.balochistan.gov.pk/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=44&itemid-73

Military Report Balochistan. (1980). Military intelligence directorate, general headquarters. Rawalpindi.

Mineral Potential of Balochistan. Geological Survey of Pakistan’s Presentation Data. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.buildasia.nt/conferences2007/ Mineral Resources of Balochistan.pdf

National Policy and Strategy For Fisheries And Aquaculture Development In Pakistan Part I. (2011). Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock Government of Pakistan, Islamabad.

PIPS Report Conflict and Insecurity in Balochistan: Assessing Strategic Policy Options for Peace and Security. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.san- pips.com/index.php?action=ra&id=intr_1

Qureshi, I. H. (2009). The struggle for Pakistan. Karachi: University of Karachi.

Recommendations and Capacity Development Plan For Social Welfare Department, Govt. of Baluchistan. (2011). Department of Social Welfare, Government of Balochistan & UNDP.

Statistics Pakistan Census. (1998). Retrieved from http:// www.census.gov.pk/Statistics.html

Tucker, A. L. P. (1979). Robert G. Sandeman peaceful conqueror of Balochistan (p.19). Lahore.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/%25x

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 Canadian Social Science




Share us to:   


Reminder

  • How to do online submission to another Journal?
  • If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

  • Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

  • Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.
  • We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases: caooc@hotmail.com; css@cscanada.net; css@cscanada.org

 Articles published in Canadian Social Science are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).

 CANADIAN SOCIAL SCIENCE Editorial Office 

Address1020 Bouvier Street, Suite 400, Quebec City, Quebec, G2K 0K9, Canada.

Website: Http://www.cscanada.net Http://www.cscanada.org 
E-mailcss@cscanada.net, css@cscanada.org

Copyright © Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture