Rural Governance Development in the Context of the New-Type Urbanization in Tanzania: A Comparison With China

Zhihong ZENG, Abdulrahman Abulrahman, Xiaoying ZENG

Abstract


Urbanization is a basic trend of development of modern society, is also a kind of inevitable trend. However, you need to go beyond the traditional urbanization areas to understand the urbanization. The mode of traditional urbanization is mainly to population aggregation toward urban, while rural is beginning to depression. The key goal of the new-type urbanization strategy is to achieve the integration of urban and rural development. To realize the goals of integration of urban and rural development, the key problem to be solved is the difference between urban and rural areas, between agriculture and industry and the pattern of urban and rural partition. The main cause of these problems lies in the institutional arrangement, so the main way of new-type urbanization is to through system innovation.
In general, urbanization promoted the rural development, but also brought with problems of governance. The process of urbanization is accompanied by the movement of population. This large-scale population flow not only changed the traditional concept of farmers living, but also changed the ecology of rural society. Therefore, with the development of urbanization, it is still under big challenges in many developing countries rural government development. This article focuses on the rural governance development in the context of the new-type urbanization in Tanzania and China. Since establishment of Sino-Tanzania diplomatic relation in 1964, the two countries have continued to have an excellent outstanding friendship and strong international relation which Tanzania become a big counterpart of China in Africa. This paper will discuss the rural governance system in Tanzania and also compare with China. Furthermore, it will discuss on how Chinese government contribute in rural government in Tanzania and the development project in the context of the new-type urbanization. This overview project will show the development support of Chinese government not only to Tanzania but also to other African countries as well.


Keywords


New-type urbanization; Rural Governance; Tanzania; China

Full Text:

PDF

References


Deborah, B., & Tang, X. Y. (2012). IFPRI discussion paper.

Government of The Peoples Republic of China, China Internet Information Center, China’s Political System. Retrieved from http://www.china.org.cn/english/Political/29034.htm

Huillet, C. (2004). Foreword. In Lovan, Murray & Shaffer (Eds.), Participatory governance: Planning, conflict mediation and public decision-making in civil society. Hanys, England: Asgate.

IPP Media. (2009). Our salvation is in Agriculture-JK. Retrieved from http:// www.mamboafrica.com/mambo2/country/tanzania/the-trading-room/9865-Our%20Salvation%20is%20in%20Agriculture%20-%20JK%2810-%20Mar%5C%2709%29.htm

Kimboy, F. (2011). Tanzania: Low oil jetty capacity to hinder bulk imports. The Citizen. Retrieved from http://allafrica.com/stories/201110171592.html

Local Government System in Tanzania. (2006). An overview of Chinese agricultural and rural engagement in Tanzania. Retrieved from http://www.tampere.fi/tiedostot/5nCY6QHaV/kuntajarjestelma_tansania_.pdf

Luis, R. (2004). Managing human resources (4th ed.). Beijing: Beijing Renmin University.

Lusuga, K. (2012). Urbanization in Tanzania: The challenge of planning, access to and use of land. Ardhi University.

Othman, H., & Liviga, A. (2002). Local governance and poverty reduction, Tanzania. Country Paper for AGFV, Tanzania.

Owen, E. H. (2004). Public management and administration: An introduction (3rd ed.). Beijing: Beijing Renmin University.

Stark, N. (2004). Rural governance: A new look through the front-view window. Rural Policy Research Institute.

TAMISEMI. The United Republic of Tanzania Prime Minister’s Office, Regional Administration & Local Government. Retrieved from http://www.pmoralg.go.tz/fnews/30/

United Republic of Tanznia, Prime Minister’s Office Regional Administration and Local Government, A Brief on Urbanization in Tanzania. Alphayo J. Kidata (Deputy Permanent Secretary), Presented on June 1, 2013 Resilient Cities Conference, Bonn.

 




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968%2F4669

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Reminder

If you have already registered in Journal A and plan to submit article(s) to Journal B, please click the CATEGORIES, or JOURNALS A-Z on the right side of the "HOME".


We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases: caooc@hotmail.com; css@cscanada.net; css@cscanada.org

Copyright © Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture

Address: 730, 77e AV, Laval, Quebec, H7V 4A8, Canada

Telephone: 1-514-558 6138

Http://www.cscanada.net Http://www.cscanada.org

E-mail:css@cscanada.net, css@cscanada.org