The Constitutional Monarchy and Modernization: Kang Youwei’s Perspectives on “Keeping the Emperor and the Royal System in China”

Fangkui Dong


At the end of the 19th century, China opened up its age of democratic revolution. Kang Youwei, a senior intellectual, advised Emperor Guangxu to establish the Constitutional Monarchy system in China as England and Japan did. However, his thoughts were condemned as “conservative”, “anti-revolutionary” by those radicals in his time. In this article, the author makes a deep exploration of the Constitutional Monarchy system in different countries in today’s world, the social roles of kings and monarchs, and the economic positions of today’s Constitutional Monarchy countries in the world. It is found that nearly all these countries are developed countries which gained political stability and economic prosperity by establishing the constitutional monarchy system and account for a large percentage in the world’s most developed countries. Compared to those democratic republican countries of the same period, they developed in a more stable and rapid way. The kings and queens play important roles in keeping the country stable and prosperous. Thus, history has proven that the Constitutional Monarchy is a great democratic system and Kang Youwei’s proposal of “keeping the emperor and the royal system” and establishing the Constitutional Monarchy system was the most suitable choice in terms of the situation of China at his time.


Constitutional Monarchy system; Modernization; Kang Youwei

Full Text:



Dong, F. K. (1990). On the necessity and feasibility of the Constitutional Monarchy at the end of the Qing Dynasty. Anhui Historical Review, (1).

Dong, F. K. (1990). The surpassing ideas about contemporary Chinese democracy and politics. Research on Socialism, (1).

International Economics, (1). (1993).

International Economics and Politics, (4). (1993).

Kang, Y. W. (December 7, 1900). A letter to Zhang Zhidong, Governor-General of Hu-Guang on behalf of Parliament at the Shanghai Municipal level and the overseas Chinese students. Kang Youwei and the Association for preserving the emperor (pp.55-59). Shanghai: Shanghai People’s Publishing House.

Tang, Z. J. (1981). Kang Youwei’s political views collection. Beijing: Zhonghua Book Company.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c)


  • How to do online submission to another Journal?
  • If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

  • Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

Online Submission

  • Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.
  • We only use four mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases:;;;

 Articles published in Canadian Social Science are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).


Canadian Social Science Editorial Office

Address: 1020 Bouvier Street, Suite 400, Quebec City, Quebec, G2K 0K9, Canada.
Telephone: 1-514-558 6138 
Website: Http://; Http://;

Copyright © Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture