The Rainbow, as a Female Bildungsroman

Yaorong HE

Abstract


It is argued in this paper that The Rainbow, about three generations of the Brangwen family, is a female Bildungsroman, which focuses on the growth and initiation experiences of three main female characters—Lydia, Anna and Ursula. Moreover, the initiation is completed by three generations altogether. According to Mordecai Marcus(1969), there are three categories of initiation: tentative initiation experience, represented by the first generation of Brangwen family—Lydia; uncompleted initiation experience, the same case with the second generation—Anna; decisive initiation experience, whose spokesperson is the third generation—Ursula. The Rainbow, a book about the family history of the Brangwens, concerns the initiation experiences of three female characters. Based on such considerations, this paper, by means of textual analysis and comparative study, will prove that The Rainbow is a female Bildungsroman presenting the initiation experiences of three female generations of the Brangwen family, and the initiation experience of each female character is varied but closely related, which shows the growth is a complicated and gradual process.

Keywords


The Rainbow; Female Bildungsroman; Ursula; Self-fulfillment

Full Text:

PDF

References


Daleski, H. M. (1987). The forked flame: A study of D. H. Lawrence. London: The University of Wisconsin Press.

Edwards, D. (1990). The rainbow: A search for new life. Boston: Twayne Publishers.

Engelberg, E. (1963). Escape from the circles of experience: D. H. Lawrence’s The Rainbow as a modern bildungsroman. Modern Language Association, 103-113.

Holderness, G. (1992). Transition (The Rainbow). New York: Longman Publishing.

Lawrence, D. H. (1995). The rainbow. New York: The Modern Library.

Leavis, F. R. (1995). D. H. Lawrence: Novelist. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books.

Marcus, M. (1969). What Is an initiation story? In C. William (Ed.), The young man in American literature: The initiation theme. NY: The Odyssey Press.

Millet, K. (1970). Sexual politics. New York: Doubleday & Company, Inc..

Rui, Y. P. (2004). Research on American initiation stories. Beijing: Chinese Social and Science Press.

Wang Q. (2009). The lie of progress in English industrial civilization: A thematic interpretation of D. H. Lawrence’s The Rainbow. Shaaxi Normal university, Xi’an.

Zhang, L. (2002). Women in The Rainbow. Hunan Normal University, Changsha.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968%2F4467

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Reminder

How to do online submission to another Journal?

If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.



We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases: caooc@hotmail.com; css@cscanada.net; css@cscanada.org

Copyright © Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture

Address: 730, 77e AV, Laval, Quebec, H7V 4A8, Canada

Telephone: 1-514-558 6138

Http://www.cscanada.net Http://www.cscanada.org

E-mail:css@cscanada.net, css@cscanada.org