The Effects of Demographic Characteristics on Employees’ Motivation to Participate in the In-Service Training Courses based on the Modified Expectancy Theory

Mohammad Reza Jalilvand, Farhad Ebrahimabadi


Modified expectancy theory provided a useful framework for assessing employee behavior in learning, decision-making, and motivation. The purpose of current study is to determine the effects of demographic characteristics on employees’ motivation based on the modified expectancy theory. Population was the employees of National Iranian Oil Products Distribution Company in Isfahan and Kurdistan. Multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) was used for data analysis. Finding reveals that the type of employment influences expectancy, intrinsic instrumentality, extrinsic valence, and motivation of employees for participating in the in-service training courses in the oil industry setting. Additionally, employee’s education influenced widely extrinsic instrumentality.
Key words: Modified expectancy theory; Demographic characteristics; Motivation

Résumé: La théorie de l'espérance de modification/de la mise à jour a fourni un cadre utile pour évaluer le comportement des employés dans l'apprentissage, la prise de décision, et la motivation. Le but de l'étude présente est de déterminer les effets des caractéristiques démographiques sur la motivation des salariés fondée sur la théorie de l'espérance de modification. Les sujets d'étude sont les employés de la Compagnie nationale iranienne de la distribution des produits pétroliers à Ispahan et Kurdistan. L'analyse multivariée de la variance (ANMDVA) a été utilisée pour l'analyse des données. Le résultat révèle que le type d'emploi influe sur l'espérance, l'instrumentalité intrinsèque, la valence extrinsèque, et la motivation des employés à participer aux cours de formation en service dans le cadre de l'industrie pétrolière. De plus, la formation des employés a une grande influence sur l'instrumentalité extrinsèque.
Mots-clés: Théorie de l'espérance de modification; Caractéristiques démographiques; Motivation


Modified expectancy theory; Demographic characteristics; Motivation;Théorie de l'espérance de modification; Caractéristiques démographiques; Motivation

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