The Impact of Disaster on the Reproductive Health of Women and Girls in Nigeria

Veronica Akwenabuaye Undelikwo, Michael Ibanbeteliehe Ihwo

Abstract


The last two decades has witnessed an increase frequency and severity of both natural and man-made disasters in Nigeria. Women and girls are more affected by the impact of disasters, which due to their prior poor economic and social status limit their survival skills. The response to disaster in affected communities in Nigeria put more premiums on issues like shelter, food, water and sanitation, human security with less attention on reproductive health and social issues. Disaster and displacement expose women to sexual violence, exploitation, trafficking and abuse, leading to higher rates of unintended pregnancies, risky abortions, and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) as well as other latent issues. This paper assesses the impact of inaction and neglect of reproductive health and other social issues in disaster management. It is our conclusion that the emergency situation provides a possibility and opportunity to enhance knowledge and provide sexual and reproductive health services. Working with traditional authorities, local and national partners can facilitate the implementation of sexual and reproductive health services that also deal with related cultural norms and practices.


Keywords


Reproductive health; disaster management; women’s health; sexual violence

Full Text:

PDF

References


Cohen, S. A. (2009). The reproductive health needs of refugees and displaced people: An opening for renewed U.S. leadership. Guttmacher Policy Review, 12(3), 15-19.

Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (n.d). Nigeria. Retrieved from http://www.internal-displacement.org/countries/nigeria

Lenshie, N. E., & Yenda, H. B. (2016). Boko haram insurgency, internally displaced persons and humanitarian response in northeast, Nigeria. The International Journal of Humanities and Social Studies, 4 (18), 141-150.

National Population Commission (NPC) (Nigeria) and ICF International. Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey 2013. Abuja, Nigeria and Rockville, Maryland, USA: NPC and ICF International, 2014.

Okanlawon, K., Reeves, M., & Agbaje, O. F. (2010). Contraceptive Use: Knowledge, Perceptions and Attitudes of Refugee Youths in Oru Refugee Camp, Nigeria. African Journal of Reproductive Health, 14, (4) 17-26.

Okonofua, F. E. (2010). Reducing Maternal Mortality in Nigeria: An Approach Through Policy Research and Capacity Building. African Journal of Reproductive Health,14(3) 9-13.

Omo-Aghoja, L. (2013). Sexual and reproductive health: Concepts and current status among Nigerians. African Journal of Medical Health Science, 12, 103-113. DOI:10.4103/2384-5589.134906

Population Reference Bureau. (2002). Meeting the reproductive health needs of displaced people. Retrieved from www.Prb.org/Publications/Reports/2002/MeetingtheReproductiveHealthNeedsofDisplacedPeople.aspx

Swatzyna, R. J. & Pillai, V. K. (2013). The effects of disaster on women’s reproductive health in developing countries. Global Journal of Health Science, 5(4), 107-113.

United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. (2015, April- September). Nepal flash appeal revision, Nepal earthquake. Retrieved from https://www.humanitarianresponse.info/sites/www.humanitarianresponse.info/files/documents/files/nepal_earthquake_2015_revised_flash_appeal_draft_as_of_11june_10h.pdf

United Nations Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. (2014, November 4-5). Nigeria update on IDPs in camp and host communities in Adamawa State. Situation report No.2. Retrieved from https://www.humanitarianresponse.info/sites/www.humanitarianresponse.info/files/assessments/SITREP%20%20Adamawa%20%20-%202014-11-05.pdf

United Nations Development Program Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery. (2010). Gender and disasters. Retrieved from http://www.undp.org/content/dam/undp/library/crisis%20prevention/disaster/7Disaster%20Risk%20Reduction%20-%20Gender.pdf

United Nation Fund for Population Activities. (2015). State of world population 2015: Shelter from the storm. Retrieved from https://www.unfpa.org/sites/default/files/sowp/downloads/State_of_World_Population_2015_EN.pdf

United Nations International Children Emergency Fund. (2016). UNICEF Report on Infant Mortality. In E. E. Enang & V. Undelikwo, Population Policy and Emergent Issues in Nigeria. Paper presented at the International Conference on Population Census- Taking, Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and Policy Challenges. Abia State University, Uturu, October 18th-22th, 2016.

United Nations International Children Emergency Fund. (n.d). Maternal and newborn health. Retrieved from https://www.unicef.org/health/index_maternalhealth.html

United Nations International Children Emergency Fund (n.d). Mother, newborn and child health and mortality in Nigeria- general facts. Retrieved from https://www.unicef.org/nigeria/ng_publications_advocacybrochure.pdf

United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction. (2015). Sendai framework for disaster risk reduction 2015-2030. Geneva: Switzerland.

Singh, D. (2012, October 11). Disasters fuel forced marriages. Retrieved from http://www.unisdr.org/archive/29042

United Nation Fund for Population Activities. (2015, May 18). Conditions remain harsh for Nepal quake survivors. Retrieved from http://www.unfpa.org/news/conditions-remain-harsh-nepal-quake-survivors

Inyang, Bassey. (2015, June 6). Bakassi people cry for help. Nigerian Thisday Newspaper. Retrieved fromhttps://www.thisdaylive.com/index.php/2016/06/06/bakassi-people-cry-for-help/

Anuforo, E., Ojugbana, V., & Alade, B. (2015, June 19). Safeguarding dignity, health of pregnant teenagers in IDP camps. Retrieved from https://guardian.ng/features/safeguarding-dignity-health-of-pregnant-teenagers-in-idp-camps/

United Nation Fund for Population Activities. (2015, July 15). Reaching earthquake survivors with lifesaving reproductive care. Retrieved from http://nepal.unfpa.org/news/reaching-earthquake-survivors-lifesaving-reproductive-care

Nsofor, I. (2015, August 18). Inside a Nigerian IDP camp-a public health perspective. Nigerian Health Watch. Retrieved from https://nigeriahealthwatch.com/inside-a-nigerian-idp-camp-a-public-health-perspective-2/#.XDYY6M9Kib8

Mercy Corps. (2016, February). Southern borno rapid assessment. Retrieved from reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/nga_mercy_corps_southern_borno_rapid_need_assessment_022016.pdf

Premiere Urgence Internationale. (2016, February). Exploratory Mission Report-Nigeria (pp.1-43). Retrieved from https://www.humanitarianresponse.info/sites/www.humanitarianresponse.info/files/documents/files/nga_pui_exploratory_mission_report_23022016.pdf

Protection Sector Working Group Nigeria. (2016, May). Rapid protection assessment report Borno State. Nigeria. Retrieved from https://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/rapid_protection_assessment_report_pswg_borno_may_2016.pdf

United Nation Fund for Population Activities. (2016, May 23). 10 Things you should know about women & the world’s humanitarian crises. Retrieved from http://www.unfpa.org/news/10-things-you-should-know-about-women-world’s-humanitarian-crises

ACAPS Crisis Profile (2016, July). Northeast Nigeria Conflict. Retrieved from https://www.acaps.org/sites/acaps/files/products/files/160712_acaps_crisis_profile_northeast_nigeria_b.pdf

Premium Times (2016, December 1). 5,000 IDPs Living with HIV/AIDS in Borno- Official. Retrieved from https://www.premiumtimesng.com/regional/nnorth-east/216850-5000-idps-living-hivaids-borno-official.html

World Health Organization. (2016, December). Family planning/contraception. Retrieved from http://who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs351/en/

United Nations International Children Emergency Fund. (November 1, 2015). Nigeria humanitarian situation report-1. Retrieved from https://www.unicef.org/nigeria/ng_publications_advocacybrochure.pdf




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/10890

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Canadian Social Science

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Share us to:   


Reminder

  • How to do online submission to another Journal?
  • If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

  • Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

  • Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.
  • We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases: caooc@hotmail.com; css@cscanada.net; css@cscanada.org

 Articles published in Canadian Social Science are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).

 CANADIAN SOCIAL SCIENCE Editorial Office 

Address1020 Bouvier Street, Suite 400, Quebec City, Quebec, G2K 0K9, Canada.

Website: Http://www.cscanada.net Http://www.cscanada.org 
E-mailcss@cscanada.net, css@cscanada.org

Copyright © Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture