CETA Agreement and Canadian Dairy Sector

Sunil Kumar Dash

Abstract


<p class="bodycopy">The Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) is a trade deal between the EU and Canada and one of the most ambitious trade deals between the two blocs, Canada on one hand and the EU on the other hand. The combined effect of CETA on Canada’s gross domestic product (GDP) estimated to be about $7.9 billion which represents an average gain in income of about $220 per person ($2015). To enter Canada, tariff protection is considerable for many sectors which inhibit the imported products competing at Canadian marketplace. On dairy sector context, the products that are imported to be subject to excessive tariffs, occasionally over 300 per cent. For example, present out-of-quota tariffs concerning cheeses are 245.6%, which extensively supress the export of EU cheeses to Canada. With CETA, Canada agreed to establish two new tariff rate quotas (TRQs) for cheese originating in the European Union: One for 16,000,000 kg of cheeses of all types and another for 1,700,000 kg of cheeses of all types to be used in food processing. Howsoever, the industrial cheese quota will be made available entirely to further processors. In 2016, Canada’s cheese production increased from 386,937,000 kg in 2006 to 476,641,000 kg. Comparing the amount that has been allocated to the EU, it’s evident that around 3% of the Canadian production would enter into the domestic market. It may not seem like much, yet given Quota system of Canadian Dairy sector, CETA might create significant consequences in the quota-based production system.</p>


Keywords


CETA; Canadian dairy sector; Cheese; Quota system

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/10166

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