To mirror the society through the address of couples

Xiao-bing ZHANG, Qiong LIU

Abstract


Language is a mirror of society. The address of couples means the vocative way of the couples, and is part of language which belongs to culture that is part of society. The address system in China, including the vocatives between husband and wife, reflects the changes and the characteristics of the society. The address of couples not only indicates the status of women in both the family and the society, but also embodies the changes and the development of the society. That is power and solidarity on the one hand, social differences, social changes and individuality on the other hand. Key words: power and solidarity, vocative, individuality Résumé: La langue est un miroir . L’appellation conjugale est la façon de s’appeler entre les époux . Elle fait partie du système linguistique . Et étant une partie de la culture , la langue appartient au domaine social . Le système d’appellation , y compris bien sûr l’appellation conjugale , reflète de façon profonde , les cacactéristiques et les évolutions de la société chinoise . L’appellation conjugale , d’une part , reflète la statut social des femmes dans la famille et la société , d’autre part , témoigne aussi le changement et l’évolution de la société , c’est à dire , l’appellation traduit non seulement la relation étroite , la puissance et l’influence , mais aussi le changement des nuances sociales et la caractéristique individuelle . Mots clés: puissance et solidarité , vocatif , individualité 摘要:語言是一面鏡子;配偶稱謂是指夫妻間的稱呼方式,屬於語言系統範疇;語言又是文化的一部分,屬於社會範疇。我國的稱謂系統,當然包括夫妻稱謂,深刻的反映出中國社會的特徵與變化。夫妻稱謂一方面反映出婦女在家庭和社會中的地位,另一方面還體現了社會的發展與變化;即夫妻稱謂既體現權勢和親密關係,同時反映社會差異變化和個性化特徵。 關鍵詞:權勢與親密關係;稱謂;個性化

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968%2Fj.ccc.1923670020050101.005

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