Improving Primary School Students’ Capacities as Health Promoting Actors
This study was aimed at strengthening primary school children’s capacities as ‘health-promoting actors’. A participatory action research (PAR) design was implemented in five semi-rural primary schools in Mahasarakham Province. Selected students were identified as health promoting targets and planned for changing themselves by following a health promoting plan with the participatory action of their families and their schools. Quantitative data and qualitative data were collected and analyzed. The qualitative results indicated that to attain the goals of HPS it is important that using student capabilities to generate ways to solve their health-related problems becomes a fundamental strategy such as students communicating with health promotion strategies from the school through the families, building a stronger relationship between teachers-families-students, and students’ capability as ‘health promoting actors’. The possible roles for school teachers and health personnel assisting HPS program can revealed in quantitative analysis. Results showed that the student’s knowledge of health promoting school significantly decreased from before the training course (P < 0.001) The mean score of HPS knowledge after experiment was higher than before the experiment which are the HPS training scores (M = 9.5319, SD = 1.62) was significantly higher than before attending (M = 8.4681, SD = 1.52; t = - 6.173, p = < 0.001) HPS course. The result of this study using Home Visit can increase the participatory actions among Primary School students, teachers, family members. It can lead to more benefits in individual self efficacy and the development of healthcare among societies.
Key words: Capacity building; Health promoting actors; Health promoting schools; Participatory action research; Primary school; Mahasarakham
Bodorkós, B., & Pataki, G. (2009). Local Communities Empowered to Plan?. Action Research, 7(3), 313-334.
Chamusri, S. (2008). What Underpins Success in a Health Promoting School in Northeastern Thailand?. Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand.
Christensen, P. (2004). The Health-Promoting Family: A Conceptual Framework for Future Research. Social Science & Medicine, 59(2), 377-387.
Colquhoun, D., Goltz, K., & Sheehan, M. (1997). The Health Promoting School: Policy, Programmes and Practice in Australia. London: Harcourt Brace & Company.
Hawe, P., Noort, M., King, L., & Jordens, C. (1997b). Multiplying Health Gains: The Critical Role of Capacity-Building Within Health Promotion Programs. Health Policy, 39(1), 29-42.
Kramomtong, P., Plitakul, N., & Surakeit, S. (2003). The Evaluation of the Health Promoting School Project (1998-2001). Thailand Journal of Health Promotion and Environmental, 26(3), 59-71.
Labonte, R., & Laverack, G. (2001b). Capacity Building in Health Promotion, Part 1: For whom? and for What Purpose?. Critical Public Health, 11(2), 111-127.
Liu, M., Gao, R., & Pusari, N. (2006). Using Participatory Action Research to Provide Health Promotion for Disadvantaged Elders in Shaanxi Province, China. Public Health Nursing, 23(4), 332-338.
Mikawal, N. (2001). Health Promotion Evaluation of the Health Promoting School Project of the 6th Regional Health Promotion Center in Khon Kaen Province. Mahasarakham University, Mahasarakham Thailand.
Prevention and Population Branch, W., Integrated Care & Ageing Division of the Victorian State Government. (2011). Integrated Health Promotion in Action. Retrieved from http://www.health.vic.gov.au/healthpromotion/steps/implementation.htm
Sritapa, S. (2008). 10 Years of Health Promoting School in Thailand (Report). Khon Kaen: Health Promotion Centre 6, Department of Health.
Suwan, P., & Narayong, R. (1999). Situation Analysis for Developing Health Promoting Schools in Thailand. Nonthaburi: Ministry of Public Health.
Tiabdokmai, W. (2002). State and Problems Regarding Implementation of Health Promoting Schools as Perceived by Administrators and Teachers in Charge of Health Promotion in Primary Schools Under the Office of Mahasarakham Provincial Primary Education. Unpublished Master Degree, Rajabhat Institute Mahasarakham, Mahasarakham Thailand.
Whitehead, D., Taket, A., & Smith, P. (2003). Action Research in Health Promotion. Health Education Journal, 62(1), 5-22.
WHO. (1999). Improving Health Through Schools National and International Strategies. Mega: World Health Organization.
- There are currently no refbacks.
If you have already registered in Journal A and plan to submit article(s) to Journal B, please click the CATEGORIES, or JOURNALS A-Z on the right side of the "HOME".
We only use the following emails to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases:
firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
Copyright © Canadian Research & Development Centre of Sciences and Cultures (CRDCSC)
Address:730, 77e AV, Laval, Quebec, H7V 4A8, Canada
Telephone: 1-514-558 6138