Actinidic Archaea and Viroids Related Hepato-Gastrointestinal Syndrome

Ravikumar Kurup A., Parameswara Achutha Kurup

Abstract


AbstractBackground: Endogenous digoxin has been related to the pathogenesis of cirrhosis liver, ulcerative colitis, irritable bowel syndrome and peptic ulcer disease. The possibility of endogenous digoxin synthesis by archaea with a mevalonate pathway and cholesterol catabolism was considered.Methods: 10 cases each of cirrhosis liver, ulcerative colitis, irritable bowel syndrome and peptic ulcer disease before starting treatment and 10 age and sex matched healthy controls from general population were chosen for the study. Cholesterol substrate was added to the plasma of the patients and the generation of cytochrome F420, free RNA, free DNA, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, hydrogen peroxide, serotonin, pyruvate, ammonia, glutamate, cytochrome C, hexokinase, ATP synthase, HMG CoA reductase, digoxin and bile acids were studied. The changes with the addition of antibiotics and cerium to the patient’s plasma were also studied. The statistical analysis was done by ANOVA.Results: The parameters mentioned above were increased the patient’s plasma with addition of cholesterol substrate. The addition of antibiotics to the patient’s plasma caused a decrease in all the parameters while addition of cerium increased their levels. Conclusions: An actinide dependent shadow biosphere of archaea and viroids is described in cirrhosis liver, ulcerative colitis, irritable bowel syndrome and peptic ulcer disease contributing to their pathogenesis.

Key words: Archaea; Viroids; Cirrhosis liver; Ulcerative colitis; Irritable bowel syndrome; Peptic ulcer disease


Keywords


Archaea; Viroids; Cirrhosis liver; Ulcerative colitis; Irritable bowel syndrome; Peptic ulcer disease



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968%2Fj.ans.1715787020110402.670

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