Light Harvesting Mechanism of Photosystem II in Photosynthesis:

Tong ZHANG, Wen-jian WU, Bi-ru HU, Ya-hui MAN, Zhi-ming LIU

Abstract


As one of the most important chemical reactions on the earth, the photosynthetic reaction has gained much attention. For example, foliage and algae possess superior abilities to harvest luminous energy from sunlight in photosynthetic reactions by capturing lights with the light-harvesting complex (LHC) and transferring the energy from LHC to the reaction center (RC) in Photosystem II (PSII), to realize the continuous and efficient transformation from luminous energy to chemistry energy. In this article, the progresses in the studies on the crystal structure of PSII, the energy and electron transfer mechanism, and artificial simulation on photo-induced electron transfer are reviewed. Additionally, the initiating mechanism of hydrogen-abstraction photoinitiators, and the inspiration of the principles and mechanisms of photo-induced electron transfer in macromolecular photoinitiators were also discussed. It is believed that properly choosing covalent chains of appropriate types and length as the bridge between electron donor and electron acceptor is crucial for improving the initiating efficiency of photoinitiators. Keywords: photosynthesis; photosystem; light harvesting; photoinitiator; electron transfer

Keywords


photosynthesis; photosystem; light harvesting; photoinitiator; electron transfer

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968%2Fj.ans.1715787020100302.036

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